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Lohengrin is a Romantic opera by Richard Wagner with three acts. It was first performed in 1850. The story of the main character comes from a medieval German romance called "Parzival" by Wolfram von Eschenbach and "Lohengrin," which was in turn based on "Garin le Loherain," an epic poem. It's part of the story of the Knight of the Swan.
The Swan Knight inspired King Ludwig II of Bavaria to name his castle Neuschwanstein Castle. Wagner was able to finish, build a theater for, and put on stage his epic cycle, The Ring of the Nibelung, because King Ludwig supported him. He stopped writing it after Act II of Siegfried, the third of the Ring tetralogy, so that he could write Tristan und Isolde, his radical chromatic masterpiece of the late 1850s, and Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, his lyrical comic opera of the mid-1860s.
The opera's most popular and well-known part is the Bridal Chorus, also called "Here Comes the Bride," in English-speaking countries because it is often played at weddings. Orchestral preludes to Acts I and III are also often played at concerts.
The Story and the Script
Lohengrin is a great opera with many great scenes and significant differences between them. Like in Tannhäuser, Wagner puts two different worlds next to each other. In Lohengrin, it is the purity of the Knights of the Grail and the darkness of the pagan magicians that are at odds with each other.
As usual, Wagner wrote both the story and the words. Wagner could get ideas for many parts of the opera from stories from the Middle Ages. He had read the Lohengrin saga, which is referred to in the Tannhauser story.
Wagner made Lohengrin into a story that makes sense and keeps you interested because he connected the different sagas and pieces with his idea and made portraits of people with depth.
History of Performance
Lohengrin had its premiere on August 28, 1850, in Weimar, Germany, at the Staatskapelle Weimar. It was led by Franz Liszt, a close friend of Wagner's and one of his first supporters. Liszt chose the date because Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Weimar's most famous resident, was born on August 28, 1749. It was a huge hit immediately.
Wagner couldn't go to the first show because he had been sent away because of his role in the May Uprising in Dresden in 1849. Even though he led parts of the performance in Zurich, Paris, London, and Brussels, he saw the whole thing in 1861 in Vienna.